Indigenous groups lived in the area around Lima in pre-Columbian times, but it was the Spanish Conquistadors who founded the city in the 16th century. The fact that the area is seismically active means that Lima’s gone through a number of reincarnations, but historic buildings do survive from each of its major periods.
The Convento de San Francisco, Basilica Cathedral, and Torre Tagle Palace are just three of Lima’s sites of historical significance. The fascinating thing about these buildings is that they reflect the diverse cultural reference points of the men who designed and built them: the Torre Tagle in particular has tiles from Seville, Moorish arches, and intricately carved dark wood balconies which would not look out of place in the Himalayas. Creole influences are evident, too.
If you’d like to find out more about Peru’s history we’ll arrange a visit to the Museum of the Nation, which has exhibits spanning the country’s entire heritage. The early indigenous ceramics from the Moche, Nazca, and Wari civilisations are particularly fine. Combine this with a stroll in the Park of the Reserve, which is filled with fountains and sculptures by Peruvian artists.