The Incas moved into this part of Peru around 1,000 years ago, probably because the valley was at a lower altitude - and thus more suitable for agriculture - than other parts of the Andes Mountains. They divided the conquered land between the emperor, the religious community, and the farmers, and it’s for this reason that there are the ruins of so many royal and religious buildings here.
While Machu Picchu steals the show, the “Sacred Valley” is filled with fortresses, observatories, temples, and mysterious unexplained structure. Our guides will take you on foot or horseback along the networks of Inca Trails which wind through hills and valleys linking attractive little towns like Pisac and Urubamba.
The best way to leave Machu Picchu itself is aboard the Hiram Bingham train which trundles along the Sacred Valley of the Incas as you enjoy a delicious dinner while serenaded by musicians.