When it comes to landscapes, Latin America demands superlatives. You could journey here for a decade and still be discovering new ecosystems.
On Earth, Bolivia has the largest salt flat deserts, Lake Titicaca is the highest lake, and the Andes mountain chain is longer than any other. Tropical rainforest gives way to montane forest, the beaches are legendary, and the volcanos of Patagonia are dramatically active. Even within a single country such as Ecuador, you’ll find huge variety between the Pacific Coast, the highlands and the Amazon.
The variety and proximity of such megadiverse habitats enable an incalculable number of species to thrive. Five regions - the Atlantic forest, the Cerrado, the Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests, the tropical Andes, and the Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena are considered as biodiversity hotspots.
This means that they have at least 1,500 species of vascular plants found nowhere else in the world. Amongst these plants live all manner of birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians, nearly half of which are endemic. Latin America’s hotspots are, quite simply, irreplaceable.
If an African safari has whetted your appetite for seeing animals in the wild, your next stop has to be Latin America; nowhere else we can think of offers such variety or such concentration of creatures. Latin America is also within easy reach from the US and UK, with many direct flights into the continent’s capitals and domestic flights giving you access to each country's incredible biodiversity.